Reduce
Consumption

....................................................
Decreasing Consumption
  
Waste Hierachy
  
Cosmetics
  
Cleaning Agents
  
Batteries
  
Paint
  
Air fresheners
  
Teabags
  
Roller Towel
  
Disposable Tableware
  
Bottled Water
....................................................
Water
....................................................
Electricity
....................................................
Transport
....................................................
Paper
....................................................
Purchasing Decisions
....................................................
Decreasing Food Waste
 
Waste Hierarchy



















Reduce is the first tier of the Waste Management Hierarchy.

It promotes the concept of decreasing the quantity of waste that we produce. By consciously reducing the amount of waste we produce, we reduce the amount of waste that needs to be disposed of in less effective or less preferable ways.

By reducing our consumption we take steps to avoid wasting.

If waste is not initially generated it does not need to be disposed of. (However as we do generate waste, we need to be responsible in the way we dispose of it - reusing and recycling and composting before it makes its way to landfill.)

Before we even begin disposing of our waste and recycling we can take the first step in the green direction and reduce our consumption.

Reducing our waste by reducing our consumption has the following benefits:

  Conserves the planet's natural resources

  Minimises pollution

  Saves energy

  Saves water

  Decreases the impact of global warming and climate change.

  Reduces the need for landfill

  Saves money

Make a conscious effort to consume less. The more we have the more waste we create. The more we want, the more need there is to produce more products, creating more waste. So the first step in the green direction is to reduce our consumption.

  Our landfills are filling up, and apart from the fact that they take up
    precious land space, as the waste decomposes greenhouse gases that
    contribute to global warming are created.

  Factories produce more products, polluting our air and water, and also
    create greenhouse gases.

  Transport is needed to get our rubbish to the dump and is needed to get
    our products from where they are manufactured to where we buy them.
    This too produces greenhouse gases.

So while we enjoy the benefits of our consumer world, we should do so responsibly.

We can all make the effort and take the steps to alleviate the pressure on our planet. 

Take a step in the green direction because going green works.


Cosmetics

Shampoo, conditioner, shaving cream, toothpaste, cream

  Use half of what you normally use and see if it still does the job - add a
    bit more if needed.

      See how much longer your products last and how much you can save
        from going down the drain.

  Add some water to your bottled hand soap and dilute it. It'll work just as
    well.

  Squeeze your toothpaste tube right to the end.

  Add a bit of water to your shampoo and conditioner when you've poured
    the last bit out. The water will dilute that which is on the bottom and sides. 
    You'll get one more dose out of the bottle.

  Recycle the containers. 

  Use a small brush to use the end of the lipstick in the tube.


Cleaning Agents

  Be conscious of the amount of product you use. We often use more than
    we need.

  Add water to your cleaning agents to dilute them, so they last longer.

  Add water at the end so that you use everything in the container.

  Buy refills so you reduce the amount of packaging - refills are also
    cheaper.

  Buy larger containers - this means that less packaging is wasted.
      For example - buy a bulk size dishwashing liquid and decant into the
        smaller or regular size one you already have.

Natural Cleaning Products

  Conventional cleaning products are generally petroleum based and have
    negative environmental and health consequences.

  It's time to change the way we clean!

  There are many natural product options.

  Either make your own cleaning products or purchase environmentally
    friendly options that are non-toxic, biodegradable and made from
    renewable resources (not petroleum).

  Get a 10% discount on Enchantrix Organic products by signing
    up for
Grace's Green Tip of the Week.

Make Your Own

  Create your own cleaning products using the following:

  Bicarbonate soda (baking soda), lemon juice, vinegar, salt.

  Experiment to see what works for you. A combination of these products
    is suitable to clean most surfaces and areas of your home, including the
    kitchen and bathroom.

  Bicarbonate of Soda (also known as baking soda or sodium carbonate)
    is an all-purpose, non-toxic cleaner.
      It cleans, deodorises, removes stains and softens fabrics.

  Lemon juice eats through grease and removes perspiration and other
    stains from clothing.
      It is an alternative to bleach.

  Vinegar (acetic acid) eats through grease and removes stains.
      It is a water softener.
      Vinegar is acidic and can eat away at tile grout, so dilute appropriately.
        Also don't use vinegar on marble surfaces.

  Salt (sodium chloride) is an abrasive.
 
Also:

  Cornstarch starches clothes as well as absorbs grease and oil.

  Borax (known as sodium borate) is a natural mineral that kills bacteria
    and mould.
      It is an alternative to bleach. It deodorises, removes stains and boosts
        the cleaning power of soap.
      Borax can be toxic to children and pets. Keep out of their reach!

  Olive or citrus oil is a lubricant and good for polishing.

  Organic apple cider vinegar is also a good vinegar to use.
      Due to the possibility of staining it is better to use white vinegar on
        products that could stain.

Cleaning Solutions

  Mix lemon juice with vinegar and/or baking soda to make a cleaning paste.

  Mix bicarb with lemon juice or vinegar and water to make a cleaning
    spray. (see below for concentrations)

  Cut a lemon in half and sprinkle bicarb on the cut section. Use the lemon
    to scrub dishes, surfaces, and stains.

Window and glass cleaner
  Mix cup of white vinegar with cup of hot water OR

  Mix 1 litre of water, cup of vinegar, 2 tablespoons lemon juice.

  Put into a spray bottle and shake and use.

Toilets
  Spray a mixture of vinegar and water mix around rim.

  Pour a cup of vinegar and some bicarb into the bowl.

  Leave for 15 mins, then brush and flush.

Mould
  Mix equal parts vinegar and water and spray onto the mould. Leave for 5
    minutes and wipe clean OR

  Pour bicarb onto the mould with a drop of water so it bubbles. Leave for a
    bit and scrub with an old toothbrush or scrubbing brush.

Metals
  Brass - create a polish by mixing an equal portion of flour and salt and
    adding a little vinegar. Rub the brass object.

  Chrome - clean with vinegar.

  Copper - mix lemon juice or hot vinegar with salt to create a copper polish.

  Silver - make a paste of bicarb and water. Use a cloth or toothbrush to
    polish clean OR
      Polish with toothpaste OR
      Soak silver in salted water in an aluminium container with a piece of tin
        foil in it OR
      Soak silver in boiling water, baking soda, salt, and a piece of tin foil.

  Stainless Steel - create a past of baking soda and water to polish stainless
    steel.

Wooden floors & Furniture
  There are a number of options so test them and see what works best for
    you.

  Black tea is a good furniture polish.
      Seep a few teabags in boiling water and wait until it cools.
      Put the mixture into a clean sprayer bottle and shake well. Spray onto a
        cloth and polish evenly.
      You can use another clean cloth to polish the surface dry.

  Dilute one cup of citrus oil in 3 litres of hot water OR

  Use a small amount of undiluted citrus oil to rub onto furniture OR

  Mix lemon juice with 3 tablespoons of water and 2 teaspoons of olive oil

OR

  Mix 1/4 cup of vinegar with a few drops of oil OR

  Mix 1 of cup olive oil with of cup lemon juice OR

  Mix a cup of lemon juice with a teaspoon of olive oil OR

  Mix a cup of olive oil and a 1/4 cup of white vinegar.

  The vinegar pulls the dirt out of the wood, and the oil lubricates the wood.
    (Use oils that have a longer shelf life)
  Make a new mixture each time you polish so that the oil doesn't goes
    rancid.

  Use a soft lint free cloth or recycled cloth that can be reused instead of
    paper towels when cleaning and polishing.

Washing
  Use cup of bicarb instead of bleach
    when doing your washing.

  You can also add cup of white vinegar.

  For dark colours use cup of white
    vinegar and cup of salt.

  Salt helps restore faded colours as well
    as removes dirt.

  Purchase Magnetic Wash balls and
    avoid using washing powder all together!

Ovens
  Wipe up spills immediately with reusable cloths.

  Mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda and 1 tablespoon of salt to 1/2 a cup of
    hot water.

  Make a paste and wipe this around the oven. Heat the oven slightly, then
    let it cool before wiping down with a damp cloth. 

Fridges and Freezers
  Wipe fridge and freezer seals with a cloth with vinegar or bicarb.

  Maintain your seals.

  Mix bicard with water to clean the inside.

Crockery and Cutlery
  Handwash dishes with lemon juice and water.

Pots and Pans
  Soak burnt pots and pans in bicarb and water before washing.

Drains
  Prevention of blockages is better than curing them.

  Avoid putting grease down your drain.

  Rather put it in the garbage once it solidifies.

  Pour boiling water down your drain to avoid grease plugs blocking your
    drains.

  Pour bicarb into your drains fairly regularly to prevent blockages.

  Use a rubber plunger to release blockages. Be careful if your pipes are
    corroded or rusted.

  Avoid clogging your garbage disposal with large amounts of vegetable
    peelings. Composting is a much better solution.

Dry Cleaning
  Dry cleaning uses toxic materials. Look for a greener option. Handwashing
    is preferable.

Step Inside
  Put a mat outside all your doors to avoid bringing dirt and pollution into
    your home via your shoes.

  Less dirt means less cleaning - less use of cleaning materials and
    vacuuming - which saves water, energy, cleaning products and chemicals.

  Keep your bedrooms shoe free.

  Keep rooms with carpets shoe free.

Building Clean
  In addition to building using environmentally-friendly products, and with
    energy- and water efficient designs, also build with cleanability in mind.

  This will help save on the resources (products, energy, water and time)
    needed to clean.

Other suggestions
  Vinegar can be used to remove price labels from glass, wood, and china.

  Put a small dish of bicarb in your fridge and freezer to absorb smells. Stir
    every two weeks and replace every two months.

  It's also suitable to sprinkle on your carpets to absorb smells. Then
    vacuum it up.

  Add bicarb to water when cleaning your bins to neutralise odours.

  Buy the ingredients in bulk to avoid excess packaging.

  Make up batches and store in spray bottles.

  Label your products clearly.

  Add essential oils or herbs to your batches for fragrance.

  Don't put your toxic products into the garbage or down the drain. Rather
    find a toxic waste disposal site. Check with your municipality for such a
    site.


Batteries

  Use rechargeable batteries, not only are they better for the environment
    but they will save you money.

  Purchase wind-up torches, radios and toys instead of battery operated
    ones.


Paint

  Use water based paint as these are more eco friendly than solvent paints.


Air fresheners

  Plug in airfresheners are a waste of electricity.

  If you use an aerosol spray make sure that it doesn't contain CFCs.

  Use incense.

  Create your own airfresher - put drops of essential oil into a spray bottle
    with some water and use this as air spray.

  Put some oil into a little dish and leave in the room.

  Use vanilla essence in a small dish as an airfreshner.

  Until you use your refill fabric softener place it in a cubpboard or hidden in
    a room. It'll keep your room smelling great.

  Boil cinnamon and cloves or other herbs to give your home a fresh smell.

  Keep the mixture in a spray bottle.

  Plants are also good for filtering the air in your home or office.


Teabags

  One teabag can make two cups of tea especially if you make it in a pot -
    herbal teabags even more so than regular tea.

  It says on the box that when you are making tea in a pot to use one per
    person and one for the pot because the more teabags you use means that
    more teabags are sold.
      More packing is then used too. Buy in bulk.

  Soak your teabags to create a polish for your wooden furniture.


Roller Towel

  Resist using roller towel to clean up spills.

  Rather use reusable cloths.

  Cut up old t-shirts or clothes and use these as clothes. Reuse

Disposable Tableware

  Although it is convenient, avoid using disposable plates, cups and cutlery.

  If you are going to use it, select the type that is either recyclable or
   biodegradable.

Bottled Water

  Avoid buying bottled water.

  Refill your plastic water bottles instead of constantly buying new ones.

  If you are going to buy bottled water - buy the largest container available
    and refill your small bottles for ease of use.

  Use a reusable drinking bottle and fill it with water or your beverage of
    choice instead of buying bottled drinks or water.


If you have any more ideas please submit them to tip@greenworks.co.za

EVERY LITTLE BIT HELPS! GOING GREEN WORKS!
....................................................
Home
....................................................
Reduce
....................................................
Reuse
....................................................
About Greenworks

....................................................
Recycle

....................................................
Respect & Responsibility
....................................................
Global Warming
....................................................
Green Tip of the Week
....................................................
Watch Your Waste
....................................................
Compost
....................................................
Get SASSI
....................................................
Litter
....................................................

Products
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Daily Checklist
....................................................
Your Carbon Footprint
....................................................
Environmental Calendar
....................................................
Office Greening
....................................................
Landfills
....................................................

Plant a Tree for Life
....................................................
Campaigns
....................................................
Earth Hour
....................................................
Earth Day
....................................................
World Environment Day
....................................................
World Ocean Day
....................................................
Arbor Day
....................................................
Christmas
....................................................




Consumption